The Complete Guide To Building A Pickleball Court On Grass

The Complete Guide to Building a Pickleball Court on Grass

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Welcome pickleball enthusiasts! If you’re looking to build your own pickleball court right in your backyard, you’ve come to the right place. Constructing a DIY grass pickleball court is an affordable and rewarding project that will allow you to enjoy this fun paddle sport anytime.

In this complete guide, we’ll walk you through everything you need to know to build and maintain a regulation-sized pickleball court on a grass surface.

Can You Play Pickleball on Grass?

Yes, you can play pickleball on grass. However, there are a few things to keep in mind:

  • The bounce of the ball will be less predictable on grass than on a hard surface. This is because grass is not as uniform as a hard surface, and the ball can be affected by bumps and unevenness in the grass.
  • You will need to use a heavier pickleball ball on grass. This is because the ball will not bounce as high on grass, and a heavier ball will be easier to control.
  • You may need to adjust your playing style when playing on grass. For example, you may need to hit the ball harder and earlier to compensate for the less predictable bounce.

Overall, playing pickleball on grass can be a fun and challenging experience. However, it is important to be aware of the challenges that come with playing on a soft surface.

Why Choose Grass for Your Pickleball Court?

While concrete and asphalt are the most popular surfaces for dedicated pickleball courts, grass offers some unique benefits:

  • Cost savings: Grass is typically the most budget-friendly surface option for a backyard court. Expect to invest around $500-$1000 for materials.
  • Softer landing: The slight give of grass is easier on the joints than hard surfaces. It provides more traction too.
  • Aesthetic appeal: Grass integrates seamlessly into your yard’s landscape.
  • Multipurpose use: The court can serve as a general playspace when you’re not pickleballing.

Just keep in mind that grass requires more maintenance and doesn’t offer as consistent of a ball bounce as hard surfaces.

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How to Make a Pickleball Court on Grass?

Choosing the Right Location

When selecting the spot for your grass pickleball court, keep these factors in mind:

  • Sun exposure: Pick a spot with full sun to encourage healthy grass growth. Avoid excessive shade.
  • Flat terrain: Only build on flat, level ground. Slopes will create awkward ball bounces.
  • Drainage: Ensure the area has good drainage and doesn’t collect standing water after rains.
  • Buffer space: Allow plenty of space around the court perimeter for out-of-bounds shots.
  • Accessibility: Build near your home for easy access. Keep far from trees and structures that could obstruct play.

Grass Court Dimensions, Lines, and Zones

A regulation-sized pickleball court measures:

  • Length – 44 feet
  • Width – 20 feet

Within those boundaries, you’ll need to mark:

  • Baselines – The end lines along the width of the court.
  • Sidelines – The side lines along the length of the court.
  • Non-volley zone (NVZ) – The 7-foot zones on each side of the net where volleying is prohibited.
  • Centerline – Divides the court lengthwise into two halves.

All court lines are 2 inches wide. Use white athletic marking paint for crisp visibility on grass.

Two rectangles on each side of the net designate the proper server position and service courts.

Selecting the Right Grass Type

Choosing a hardy, athletic field-style grass will provide the most durable and consistent playing surface. The two ideal options are:

  • Perennial Ryegrass – Deep roots provide good wear tolerance. Blades stand up well to frequent mowing.
  • Creeping Red Fescue – Dense growth habit helps minimize divots. Retains green color in shade.

Avoid standard residential turfgrasses like Kentucky bluegrass. They lack the sturdiness to withstand heavy pickleball play and traffic.

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Preparing the Court Area

Proper surface preparation is crucial prior to seeding or laying sod:

  • Remove any existing vegetation, rocks or debris.
  • Till the soil 8-12 inches deep to loosen compaction.
  • Grade the area, ensuring a 1% slope for drainage.
  • Apply starter fertilizer to enrich the soil.
  • Use a lawn roller to smooth and level the surface area.

Seeding vs. Sodding Your Grass Court

You have two options for establishing grass coverage on your pickleball court:

Grass seed is the more affordable option at $300-$600 for materials. But it requires diligently watering, weeding and waiting 4-6 weeks grow in.

Sod offers instant gratification but costs $600-$1,200. Lay pieces tightly without gaps and roll to adhere them. Water daily for 2 weeks.

Either method works, so choose based on your budget, patience and lawn care skills.

Installing the Net System

No pickleball court is complete without the net. For grass, portable systems are ideal since permanent posts can damage the turf.

  • Sleeves – Install flush-mounted sleeves at regulation height (36” sides, 34” center).
  • Net – Hang using a military-grade pickleball net with heavy white binding.
  • Posts – Choose lightweight, removable posts that drop into the sleeves when playing.
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Caring for Your Grass Pickleball Court

To maintain tournament-quality playability, your grass court needs specialized care:

  • Mowing – Keep grass trimmed at 1-2 inches high. Never scalp.
  • Watering – Irrigate deeply 2-3 times per week to encourage deep roots.
  • Aeration – Punch holes every 4-6 weeks during the growing season to reduce soil compaction.
  • Overseeding – Seed thin areas in fall and spring to maintain dense turf cover.
  • Fertilization – Apply athletic field fertilizer 2-3 times per year.
  • De-thatching – Remove thatch buildup annually with a mechanical de-thatcher or rake.
  • Rolling – Periodically roll the surface to smooth uneven spots.

Proper mowing height, frequent rolling and aerating are most critical for playability.

Helpful Tips and Tricks

Building your own grass pickleball court? Keep these tips in mind:

  • Use marking paint and not chalk, which washes away with rain. Reapply lines as needed.
  • Install corner sleeves so net posts can be rotated between games to spread out wear.
  • Allow 1-2 weeks after seeding or sodding before playing to avoid damage.
  • Water the court early in the day so the grass dries before play.
  • Brush the court with a stiff broom before playing to lift flattened grass blades.
  • Apply corn gluten as an organic herbicide to inhibit weed growth.
  • Consider an artificial turf overlay for easier maintenance and converted multipurpose use.
  • Check with your homeowner’s association prior to installation to ensure compliance with regulations.

The Pros and Cons of Grass Pickleball Courts

If you’re debating between grass and hard-surface pickleball courts, weigh the pros and cons:


  • More affordable to install
  • Provides cushioning and traction
  • Blends into landscaping
  • Converts to multi-use space


  • Requires frequent maintenance
  • Uneven bounces compared to asphalt/concrete
  • More prone to divots and wear
  • Can’t be shoveled free of snow
  • Limited use in wet conditions

For most homeowners, the maintenance trade-offs are well worth it for the cost savings and backyard integration.

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How to Make a Portable Pickleball Court over Grass?

If you don’t have the space or budget for a permanent court, a portable setup makes it easy to enjoy pickleball on grass.

Choose a Level Playing Area

  • Look for a flat, even section of grass that will provide a smooth playing surface.
  • The court area should measure 20 x 44 feet for regulation singles and doubles play.
  • Allow extra space on the ends and sides for out-of-bounds shots.

Use a Portable Net System

  • Invest in a portable pickleball net system designed specifically for grass.
  • These include weighted bases that sit to the side of the court without ground anchors.
  • Make sure the net height can be adjusted to regulation specs – 36 inches at the posts and 34 inches in the middle.

Mark Boundary Lines

  • Use movable court boundary markers like plastic cones or tennis court lines.
  • For a more defined court, secure lightweight polytape or athletic marking tape to the grass using landscape staples.
  • Tape width should be 2-4 inches wide to clearly delineate court lines and zones.

Add Visual Cues for Zones

  • Mark the non-volley zone (NVZ) using cones, tape, or chalk powder.
  • You can also use portable vinyl decals for the NVZ, center line, and service boxes.
  • Rotate decals between games to prevent damage to the grass.

Maintain Proper Grass Height

  • Keep grass mowed to a height of 1-2 inches for best ball bounce and footing.
  • Use a grass-friendly court roller to smooth any high or uneven spots.
  • Rake divots and aerate periodically to prevent soil compaction issues.

Follow Grass Court Etiquette

  • Call balls out audibly rather than with hand signals which can damage grass.
  • Avoid digging serve motions that can scalp turf. Use a smooth serve and follow through.
  • Rotate court position frequently and vary shot placement to distribute wear.

With the right portable equipment and care, you can enjoy quality pickleball on your backyard grass court! Adjust and enhance your setup as needed to suit your space and play style.

How to Build a Pickleball Court in Your Backyard?

To build a pickleball court in your backyard, you will need to:

  1. Choose a location. The ideal location for a pickleball court is a level area with good drainage. Avoid areas that are prone to flooding or that have a lot of shade.
  2. Prepare the ground. Remove any weeds or debris from the area and level the ground as much as possible. You may need to use a lawn roller to help smooth out the surface.
  3. Choose a surface. There are a few different types of surfaces that you can use for a pickleball court, including concrete, asphalt, artificial turf, and VersaCourt. Concrete and asphalt are the most durable surfaces, but they can be expensive to install. Artificial turf and VersaCourt are less expensive, but they may not be as durable.
  4. Install the surface. If you are using concrete or asphalt, you will need to pour the surface and then paint or epoxy the lines on the court. If you are using artificial turf or VersaCourt, you will need to install the surface according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  5. Install the net. You can purchase a pickleball net and posts from a sporting goods store. The net should be installed in the center of the court, with the top of the net 34 inches high at the center and 36 inches high at the posts.
  6. Add any other features. You may want to add other features to your pickleball court, such as fencing, lighting, and benches.

Here are some additional tips for building a pickleball court in your backyard:

  • Make sure that the court is level. This will help to ensure that the ball bounces consistently.
  • Use a line marking kit to mark the court lines. This will help to create a professional-looking court.
  • Install a net that is the correct height. The top of the net should be 34 inches high at the center and 36 inches high at the posts.
  • Add fencing to the court to keep the ball in bounds.
  • Install lighting if you plan on playing pickleball at night.
  • Add benches so that players can rest and socialize.

With a little planning and effort, you can build a pickleball court in your backyard that will provide years of enjoyment for you and your family and friends.

FAQs About Building and Maintaining Grass Pickleball Courts

If you’re considering a DIY grass pickleball court, you probably have plenty of questions. Here are answers to some of the most common FAQs:

Can you play pickleball on artificial turf?

Yes, you can play pickleball on artificial turf. Artificial turf is a durable and consistent playing surface that can provide a good bounce for the ball. Additionally, artificial turf is often softer than hard surfaces, which can reduce the risk of injuries.

How much does it cost to build a grass pickleball court?

For materials only, plan on a budget of $500-1000. Hiring a contractor usually costs $2500-5000 including labor and equipment rental fees.

What kind of grass is best for pickleball courts?

Athletic field-style grasses like perennial ryegrass and creeping red fescue are ideal choices. Avoid standard residential turfs.

Can you play pickleball when the grass is wet?

It’s best to avoid playing on wet grass. The surface will get torn up and the ball won’t bounce properly. Wait until the grass fully dries.

How do I maintain proper drainage for a grass court?

Ensure the area has at least a 1% slope. Fill any low spots. Aerating helps with water penetration into the soil.

Should I build a portable or permanent net system?

For grass, go with a portable net that uses sleeves. This minimizes damage to the turf. Rotate the net between games.

How often should I mow the grass on a pickleball court?

To maintain optimal play, mow 2-3 times per week at a height of 1-2 inches. Never cut more than 1/3 of the blade.

Will fertilizing the grass court harm my family or pets?

Use pet-safe organic fertilizers. Irrigate immediately after applying to minimize exposure. Keep kids/pets off until it dries.

How long does it take for grass to establish enough to play on?

Allow 1-2 weeks for new sod or seed to root before playing. Gradually increase play rather than over-stressing new grass.

Can I convert my tennis court to a pickleball court?

Yes! Adding pickleball lines and net outside a tennis court transforms it into duel use. Some adjustments may be needed for ideal pickleball dimensions.

Should I put down patio stones around the grass court perimeter?

Patio stone edging looks great and keeps grass from encroaching on the court. It also designates deck space for gear, seating, etc.


We hope this guide gave you the confidence to build your own backyard grass pickleball court! While it requires some extra care and upkeep, the savings and customization opportunities of a DIY grass court make it a fun project.

Just remember to prep the soil, choose athletic grass seed varieties, allow time to establish turf cover, and commit to specialized maintenance like frequent mowing and rolling.

Soon you’ll be enjoying the delightful paddle, pop, and whack of pickleball games surrounded by nature in your own yard. Game on!


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