What Is Permanent Object In Pickleball?

What is Permanent Object in Pickleball?

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Pickleball is a fun and engaging paddle sport that combines elements of tennis, badminton, and ping pong. It is played with a wiffle ball and paddles on a badminton-sized court. As the popularity of pickleball grows, more and more people are getting interested in learning the rules and techniques of the game. One important rule that every pickleball player should know is what constitutes a permanent object.

What is a Permanent Object?

A permanent object in pickleball refers to any object that is near or hanging over the court that could interfere with the flight path of the ball during play.

Permanent objects include the ceiling, walls, fencing, net posts, net post legs, lighting fixtures, stands, seats for spectators, referees, line judges, and spectators when they are in their recognized positions.

Why are Permanent Objects Important?

Knowing what is considered a permanent object is critical because it affects how faults and dead balls are called during a pickleball game. The permanent object rule helps ensure fair play by eliminating potential advantages or disadvantages caused by ball interactions with out-of-play objects around the court.

How does Contact with a Permanent Object Affect Play?

There are two possible scenarios when the pickleball comes into contact with a permanent object during a rally:

1. Ball hits permanent object before bounce

If the pickleball strikes a permanent object prior to bouncing on the court surface, it is a fault against the player or team that hit the ball last.

They lose the rally because the ball contacted an out-of-play object before entering live play on the court.

2. Ball bounces then hits permanent object

Alternatively, if the pickleball bounces on the court first and then strikes a permanent object, the ball immediately becomes dead upon contact with the permanent object.

In this case, the player or team that hit the ball last wins the rally because the ball was still in play when it struck the permanent object.

The key factor is whether the ball bounced on the court before or after striking the permanent object.

Examples of Common Permanent Object Interactions

To understand the permanent object rule better, let’s look at some examples:

Ball hits wall before bouncing

  • Player A hits a shot that strikes the wall behind Player B before bouncing on the court.
  • This is a fault against Player A since the ball contacted a permanent object before bouncing.
  • Player B wins the rally.

Ball bounces then hits lighting fixture

  • Player B returns a shot that bounces in the court first and then hits a lighting fixture above the court.
  • The ball immediately becomes dead once it strikes the lighting fixture.
  • Player B wins the rally since they hit the ball last before it contacted a permanent object.

Ball strikes net post after bounce

  • Player A hits a groundstroke that bounces in the court and then strikes the net post.
  • The ball is immediately dead when it contacts the net post, a permanent object.
  • Player A wins the rally.

When Can Faults Occur with Permanent Objects?

An important nuance of the permanent object rule is that generally faults can only occur when the pickleball is live and in play during a rally.

The exception is a fault resulting from a non-volley zone rules violation, which can occur even when the ball is dead.

But in all other cases, faults can only happen when the referee has called “time in” to designate the ball is officially in play.

If the ball strikes a permanent object while dead, no fault will be assessed. The rally outcome will simply follow the permanent object rule detailed above.

Why are Permanent Objects Important in Pickleball?

Permanent objects introduce fixed hazards around the margins of the court that can alter ball trajectories and impact fair play. Understanding how interactions with these objects affect the rally is key.

Here are some reasons why the permanent object rule matters:

Prevents Unauthorized Advantages

The permanent object rule eliminates potential advantages or trick shots involving intentional use of out-of-play objects. Striking the wall, ceiling, or other objects is not permitted.

Encourages Better Shot Selection

Knowing balls that hit permanent objects early are faults encourages players to aim more carefully to keep the ball within court boundaries. This improves shot selection skills.

Allows for Consistent Scoring

Consistent application of the permanent object rule allows for uniform scoring and fair outcomes when balls leave the central court area during play.

Defines Clear Court Boundaries

The permanent object rule provides definitive boundaries that delineate playing areas from non-playable areas. This helps determine live versus dead balls.

What are Some Pro Tips for Dealing with Permanent Objects?

Here are some professional tips for mastering permanent object interactions:

  • Anticipate surroundings – Scan for permanent objects before shots to avoid faults.
  • Adjust positioning – Move to reduce risks of bouncing balls hitting objects.
  • Improve accuracy – Aim precisely to keep balls inside court lines as much as possible.
  • Play the bounce – Hitting groundstrokes can allow the ball to bounce before any object contacts occur.
  • Use spin – Backspin or sidespin can help bring balls down quickly after bounces.
  • Refine reflexes – Quick reaction time helps adjust to variable caroms off objects.

How are Permanent Object Rules Enforced and Adjudicated?

To ensure fair and consistent enforcement of permanent object rules during competitive play,Pickleball organizes oversight and adjudication processes:


Many sanctioned pickleball tournaments provide referees who watch for rules violations like illegal contacts with permanent objects. Referees make real-time fault calls when needed.

Line Judges

Line judge crews are often positioned around the court perimeter to watch for permanent object contacts near their location. They alert referees when violations occur.

Player Honor System

When no officials are present, competitive pickleball relies on an honor system where players make their own objective out or fault calls that follow permanent object rules.

Video Replay

In professional pickleball tournament play, instant video replay reviews can now be used to reassess close plays involving permanent objects when needed to confirm or overturn on-court rulings.

What are some Official Resources on Permanent Object Rules?

For those interested in learning more, here are some official resources published by pickleball’s governing bodies:


The permanent object rule provides an important framework for fair play and consistent scoring when pickleballs leave the central playing area. Properly managing ball interactions with court surroundings improves game skills. With a thorough understanding of this rule, pickleball players can boost their court awareness, shot selection, and safety during recreational and competitive play.

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