Can You Play Pickleball Indoors?

Can You Play Pickleball Indoors?

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Introduction to Indoor Pickleball

Pickleball is a popular paddle sport that combines elements of tennis, badminton, and table tennis. It is typically played on an outdoor court, but can also be played indoors. Indoor pickleball is becoming increasingly popular, especially in colder climates where outdoor play is limited during the winter months.

Playing pickleball indoors offers some advantages and disadvantages compared to outdoor play. Understanding the differences can help you decide if indoor pickleball is right for you.

Benefits of Playing Pickleball Indoors

Here are some of the main benefits of playing pickleball indoors:

Protection from Weather Elements

Outdoor pickleball can be impacted by weather like rain, wind, heat, and cold temperatures. Playing indoors eliminates concerns over weather and allows for comfortable play year-round.

Consistent Playing Conditions

Indoor courts offer more consistency than outdoor courts which can vary due to weather and climate. Indoor lighting, surface, and environment are reliable and do not change from day to day.

Accessibility and Convenience

Indoor pickleball facilities provide accessible and convenient options for play, especially in cold weather areas. Players can schedule court time and play on demand rather than relying on favorable outdoor conditions.

Social Atmosphere

Indoor pickleball often fosters a fun, social atmosphere. Players can easily interact and socialize before, during, and after play. Indoor facilities also facilitate leagues, ladders, tournaments and other organized play.

Drawbacks of Indoor Pickleball

While indoor pickleball has its perks, there are also some potential drawbacks to consider:

Smaller Playing Area

Indoor courts are typically smaller than regulation outdoor courts. The compact space leads to faster rallies and less margin for error. It can take time to adjust court positioning and strategy for the smaller indoor court.

Varying Court Conditions

The quality and consistency of indoor playing surfaces can vary greatly. Some indoor courts may have significant cracks, debris, condensation issues or flaws that impact ball bouncing and predictability.

Limited Access to Courts

Indoor pickleball courts are still less common than tennis or basketball courts at recreation centers and gyms. Court time may be limited and require advanced booking. Access and availability depends on location.

Noisy Environment

The indoor setting reverberates sound. Pickleball’s popping paddles and popping balls can be amplified and distracting in an indoor court. Noise levels require awareness and consideration for other facility patrons.

Setting Up Indoor Pickleball Courts

Indoor pickleball courts can be set up in a variety of facilities including gymnasiums, racquet clubs, community centers and more. There are a few key considerations when establishing indoor pickleball courts:


Indoor pickleball courts are smaller than regulation outdoor courts. The USA Pickleball Association recommends indoor courts be at least 15 feet wide and 30 feet long. Ceiling height should be at least 20 feet high. Courts are often painted or taped onto the existing flooring.

Lines and Markings

Lines demarcate the playing zone and non-volley zone. These are marked using painter’s tape, chalk, or paint. Colors should contrast with the floor for visibility. Other lines on the floor from different sports like basketball should be covered.


The ideal surface is smooth, consistent hardwood flooring. Multi-use facilities often have polished concrete, sport court surfaces, or gymnasium flooring. The surface should be debris-free and allow for even ball bouncing.


Consistent and adequate lighting is essential for indoor pickleball. Courts should be uniformly lit at a minimum 50 foot candles. Windows and natural lighting can help supplement artificial lighting sources.


Indoor pickleball typically uses a portable net system that can be set up and taken down as needed. A net height of 36 inches at the sidelines and 34 inches in the center is recommended. The net should include center straps for stability.

Surround Space

Having adequate safety space around the court perimeter minimizes collisions with walls or other players. A minimum of 2-3 feet beyond baselines and sidelines is ideal. More room allows players to maneuver without obstruction.

Court Numbers

Clearly delineating court numbers helps players identify assigned courts and organize play. Numbers can be marked on the floor at the net line and on corner walls.

Equipment for Indoor Pickleball

Pickleball equipment can be tailored to maximize indoor playing enjoyment.


Indoor pickleball puts a premium on paddle control given the faster pace of play. Lighter composite or graphite paddles in the 7.0-8.0 ounce range with smaller grips suit indoor conditions.


Indoor pickleballs have slightly lower bounce to account for hard indoor surfaces. They often have more holes for a quieter game. Standard outdoor balls can be used but do not perform as well inside.


The right athletic shoes provide critical stability and traction on indoor flooring. Shoes should have non-marking soles to avoid scuffing or damaging the flooring surface. Cross trainers or court shoes work well.


Lightweight active wear allows freedom of movement during quick indoor rallies. Clothing should enable moisture wicking since indoor conditions tend to be warmer. Shorts, shirts, skorts and athletic style clothing are common.


Protective eyewear helps shield from glare and errant shots in the confined indoor space. Sport goggles or wraparound glasses are options to prevent eye injuries. Having quality lighting minimizes eye strain.

Knee Pads

The hard indoor surfaces can be tough on joints over time. Knee pads cushion impact and reduce strain when moving quickly or dropping down. They also allow sliding on the floor to reach shots.

Where to Play Pickleball Indoors

Pickleball can potentially be played indoors on any suitable court space. Here are some of the most common places to find or create indoor pickleball courts:

Local Gyms

Multi-purpose gymnasiums at recreation centers, YMCAs, schools, and athletic clubs often have times and spaces that can be converted to pickleball courts. Courts may need to be set up and taken down for each scheduled block of play.

Racquet Clubs

Tennis clubs and racquet clubs are ideal for indoor pickleball due to the similar court dimensions. Underutilized racquetball courts can sometimes be converted to dedicated pickleball courts.

Sportsplex Facilities

Large indoor sportsplex or field house venues have expansive spaces that can accommodate multiple permanent or drop-in pickleball courts. These facilities cater to diverse recreational sports.

Community Centers

School gymnasiums, community halls, senior centers and multipurpose facilities may offer indoor pickleball on a regular basis or for special events. Courts are often multi-lined for different sports.


Some churches and religious organizations have suitable fellowship halls that can transform into pickleball courts periodically or during youth/senior events and programming.

Storage Facilities

A few self-storage companies have started converting vacant units into indoor pickleball courts. These function as pay-to-play rental facilities on an hourly basis.

Dedicated Pickleball Clubs

Increasingly, there are indoor sports clubs catering specifically to pickleball players. These offer permanent courts, scheduled play, leagues, lessons and more.

Tips for Playing Indoor Pickleball

Making a smooth transition from outdoor to indoor pickleball involves adjusting some techniques and strategies:

Modify Your Shot Power

Less effort is needed when shooting indoors since the playing area is smaller. Focus on control and carefully placing the ball rather than power. Overhead slams can be difficult to handle indoors.

Anticipate Faster Volleys

The ball moves much faster indoors. Quick reflexes are key to react promptly. Move your feet to align your body and shorten your backswing on returns to gain valuable milliseconds.

Use Angled Shots

Hitting crosscourt angles takes advantage of the court’s dimensions. It pulls opponents wide to create openings rather than hitting down-the-line shots that come back faster.

Take Smaller Steps

Side-to-side footwork does not require lengthy strides on a compact indoor court. Take smaller, quicker steps and splits to cover lateral ground efficiently.

Communicate with Your Partner

Indoors magnifies sounds, including voices. Clear communication with your partner alerts them to balls and avoids collisions in a tighter space.

Watch for Obstacles

Stay cognizant of court hindrances like lighting fixtures, walls, bleachers or other logistical impediments that could obstruct play indoors.

Use Appropriate Gear

The right paddle, ball, shoes and accessories enhance indoor play and allow you to adapt your game. Seek advice on gear best suited for indoor environments.

Pickleball Rules for Indoor Play

Standard pickleball rules apply both indoors and outdoors with just a few modifications to adapt the game for indoor spaces:

  • No Fault Rule – To keep games moving, indoor pickleball uses a no fault rule rather than calling lets. Play continues uninterrupted even if obstructions affect a rally.
  • Two Bounce Rule – On courts smaller than regulation size, the ball can bounce twice before being returned. This gives players slightly more time to reach shots.
  • Non-Volley Zone – The non-volley zone may be smaller on indoor courts. Measure precisely and call foot faults when players violate the zone size.
  • Line Calls – Indoor floor lines can be less clear than outdoor paint. Players may need to jointly determine if a ball is in or out when lines are obscured.
  • Court Swapping – Players switch sides after odd-numbered games to balance sun/lights. Indoors this is not necessary but can be done optionally.
  • Ceiling Shots – Striking the ball off the ceiling or wall is typically allowed, though local rules may vary by facility. Communicate with opponents.

Pickleball Tournaments and Events Indoors

Many pickleball tournaments and competitive events are held at indoor sports facilities:

  • Local leagues may compete weekly indoors as part of a seasonal schedule.
  • Ladders, round robins and in-house competitions keep players engaged.
  • Sanctioned amateur tournaments attract regional competitors and are divided by skill ratings.
  • Professional pickleball events are held in major indoor arenas and streamed/televised live.
  • National and world championships have indoor and outdoor competitions.
  • Colleges have started competing in intramural and intercollegiate indoor pickleball.
  • Recreational one-day tournaments are fun indoor activities for all ages and abilities.

Playing indoors levels the playing field by eliminating weather concerns. Players can perform consistently regardless of outdoor conditions. The indoor atmosphere also creates exciting spectator events with enhanced visibility.

Starting an Indoor Pickleball Group

Here are some tips for starting up a dedicated indoor pickleball group at a local facility:

  • Gauge interest by talking to players and posting flyers at courts or in newsletters.
  • Contact venue managers at gyms, community centers, churches, etc. about available court space.
  • Determine days/times and reserve courts for regular weekly play.
  • Publicize the indoor play opportunity through social media, bulletins, websites.
  • Recruit beginners by offering lessons and starter paddles.
  • Charge dues or court fees to cover expenses and equipment.
  • Appoint club officers to organize schedules, policies, registration.
  • Facilitate camaraderie and communication through gatherings and social events.
  • Run beginner clinics, round robins, tournaments and other skill-building activities.

Starting an indoor group makes pickleball accessible year-round and helps strengthen the local paddle sport community.

Health Benefits of Indoor Pickleball

The indoor version of the game provides the same excellent health and wellness benefits associated with pickleball:

Cardiovascular Exercise

Frequent bursts of movement during volleys raise the heart rate for better circulation and endurance. Games keep players actively moving.

Muscle Building

Pickleball engages the upper and lower body. The starting, stopping, pivoting, and swinging work all the major muscle groups.

Hand-Eye Coordination

Quick hand movements together with tracking the ball refine reflexes, reaction time and general coordination skills.


Stretching and lunging for shots enhances flexibility in the legs, core and back. The aerobic activity loosens joints and muscles.

Mental Stimulation

Strategizing each shot exercises the brain. The social interactions also provide mental stimulation and cognitive benefits.

The appealing indoor environment makes this paddle sport easy to integrate into a healthy lifestyle routine.

Pickleball Safety Tips for Indoor Play

Common indoor pickleball safety practices include:

  • Stretch thoroughly before playing to warm up muscles and prevent injury.
  • Use appropriate footwear with proper traction to avoid slips and falls.
  • Drink plenty of water before, during and after play to stay hydrated.
  • Pay attention to surroundings and stay aware of court lines to avoid collisions.
  • Take care when moving behind the baseline so as not to get hit by adjacent court play.
  • Allow adequate time between games for the body to rest and recover.
  • Use sunscreen when playing near sunlight streaming through windows.
  • Ensure nets are properly secured so they do not fall and cause harm.
  • Stop play immediately if condensation, moisture or surface debris causes slick conditions.

With sensible precautions, indoor pickleball is a very safe activity suitable for all age groups.


Indoor pickleball offers weather-free, year-round access to the sport. Smaller courts promote faster play requiring strategic adjustments. While indoor facilities present some challenges, they provide a convenient and comfortable environment. With the right venue, equipment, rules and safety protocols, indoor pickleball is an engaging option for dedicated players or casual participants alike looking to develop their game. The sport’s popularity seems destined to keep growing in indoor centers as more people discover the fun and fitness of this paddle battle.

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